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What is the difference between Residential Assisted Living, Assisted Living Facilities and Personal Care Homes?


TORCH represents Personal Care Homes, Residential Care Homes and Assisted Living Facilities throughout Texas. All of these fall under the licensure requirements of the Department of Aging and Disability Services (DADS) for Assisted Living Facilities. All Personal Care Homes, Residential Care Homes and Assisted Living Facilities which provide services of a personal care nature to more than three residents, unrelated to the owner, must be licensed under the DADS licensure requirements.

Personal Care, Residential Care and Assisted Living all offer a more home-like setting than Nursing Homes. They typically provide meals, laundry, housekeeping, medication supervision, assistance with activities of daily living (for most types) and an activity program. Other amenities such as transportation may also be offered in some facilities. These homes foster a sense of independence and are the perfect alternative for elderly or those with mental or physical disabilities.

What are the types and sizes of homes?

There are four basic types of licensure for assisted living facilities:

Type A - In a Type A facility a resident must be physically and mentally capable of evacuating the facility unassisted. This may include the mobile non-ambulatory persons such as those who are in wheelchairs or electric carts and have the capacity to transfer and evacuate themselves in an emergency. This resident does not require routine attendance during nighttime sleeping hours and must be capable of following directions under emergency conditions.

Type B - In a Type B facility a resident may require staff assistance to evacuate and may be incapable of following directions under emergency conditions. They may require attendance during nighttime sleeping hours. The resident may not be permanently bedfast, but may require assistance in transferring to and from a wheelchair.

There are two sizes of Assisted Living Facilities:
Small - Small facilities are defined as those with 16 residents or less.
Large - Large facilities are defined as those with 17 residents or more.

Personal Care Homes are defined as homes with three residents that are unrelated and does not have to meet any licensing requirements from DADS.

What types of programs are available for assistance in paying for services in these Facilities?

CCAD - Community Care for Aged and Disabled (contact your local Department of Aging and Disability Services)
CBA - Community Based Alternatives (contact your local Department of Aging and Disability Services)
Regional MHMR - Regional Mental Health and Mental Retardation programs (contact your local MHMR office)
Veterans Programs - (contact your local VA office)

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